The accident happened at 3.40 am on Saturday about 900 meters underground.
It was the second coal mine accident in just four days in the mining area around the town of Jastrzebie-Zdroj, near the Czech border.
Repeated methane explosions since Wednesday at the nearby Pniowek mine have left five dead, seven missing and dozens injured. Both mines are operated by the JSW company.
The company said 52 workers were in the area of the Borynia-Zofiowka mine quake and 42 of them were able to exit the shaft on their own. A rescue operation has been launched for the 10 missing miners.