MADRID, Sept. 15 (IPS) – While women in wealthy societies are paid about 25% less than men for equal jobs, those living in impoverished countries receive much lower salaries, if at all.
Here are some facts. In its report: Why the majority of the world’s poor are women, a global movement of people fighting inequality to end poverty and injustice: OXFAM, says gender inequality is one of the oldest and “most pervasive.” forms of inequality in the world.
It deprives women of their voices, devalues their work and unequals women’s position from men, from the household to the national and global level, OXFAM says, adding that “women in no country have achieved economic equality with men. “
Underpaid, unpaid, undervalued
Now see these facts provided by OXFAM:
Low wages. Around the world, women have the lowest paid work. Globally, they earn 24% less than men and at the current rate of progress, it will take 170 years to close the gap. 700 million fewer women than men are in paid work.
Lack of decent work. 75% of women in developing regions are in the informal economy – where they are less likely to receive employment contracts, legal rights or social protection, and are often not paid enough to escape poverty. 600 million people have the most insecure and precarious forms of work.
Unpaid care work. Women do at least twice as many unpaid care tasks, such as childcare and housework, as men – sometimes ten times as much, often on top of their paid work. The value of this work is estimated to be at least $10.8 trillion each year – more than three times the size of the global technology industry.
Longer business days. Women work longer days than men when paid and unpaid work are added together. That means a young woman today will work on average the equivalent of four years more than a man in her lifetime worldwide.
Take the specific case of rural women. They represent a quarter of the total world population. However, most women are concentrated in both unpaid care and domestic work and their role in subsistence farming is often unpaid.
And less than 20% of landowners worldwide are women.
According to the United Nations, women make up on average more than 40% of the agricultural workforce in developing countries, ranging from 20% in Latin America to 50% or more in parts of Africa and Asia.
Food systems around the world depend on the daily work of rural women, reminds UN Women, the United Nations organization dedicated to gender equality and women’s empowerment.
They play a variety of essential roles, from growing crops and processing their harvest, to preparing food and distributing their produce, to ensure that both their families and their communities are nourished.
“But paradoxically, those same women often have less access to food and a higher risk of hunger, malnutrition, malnutrition and food insecurity than their male counterparts.”
The reasons for this decoupling from their right to food include “unequal power relations and discriminatory gender norms, for example resulting in women eating last and least in the household, as well as their disproportionate responsibility for unpaid care and domestic work.”
70% of women, in poverty
Seventy percent of women live in poverty. As we affect nature, everyday tasks like securing water, food and fuel, often done by women and girls, take longer and become more difficult, says Inger Andersen UN UUnder Secretary-General and Executive Director of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) on Sept. 8.
They are the farmers for the world
And we all know that women are the farmers of the world, but often have no right to land or land titles, Anderson emphasized. “Women own less than 10 percent of the land and four out of five women here in Africa.” not have access to a bank account or formal financial institution.”
At the current pace of progress, it could take nearly 300 years to achieve full gender equality, according to the UN report “Progress on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG): The Gender Snapshot 2022”.
The report estimates that it will take up to 286 years to close legal protection gaps and repeal discriminatory laws, 140 years for women to be equally represented in positions of power and leadership in the workplace, and at least 40 years to be equal representation in national parliaments.
Sima Bahous, UN Women Executive Director, said: “The data shows undeniable declines in their lives, exacerbated by the global crises – in income, security, education and health. The longer we take to reverse this trend, the more it will cost us all.”
Some 400 million women in “extreme poverty”
At the current pace of progress, the report estimates that it will take up to 286 years to close legal protection gaps and lift discriminatory laws, 140 years for women to be equally represented in positions of power and leadership in the workplace, and at least 40 years for women to be equally represented in positions of power and leadership in the workplace. years to achieve equal representation in national parliaments.
The report also points to a worrying reversal in poverty reduction, and rising prices are likely to exacerbate this trend. By the end of 2022, approximately 383 million women and girls will live in extreme poverty (on less than $1.90 a day), compared to 368 million men and boys.
The 2022 International Day of Equal Pay, on September 18, confirms such a shocking reality facing women: They earn 77 cents for every dollar men earn for work of equal value – with an even wider pay gap for women with children.
And women are concentrated in lower-paid, lower-skilled work with greater job insecurity and underrepresented in decision-making positions, “while doing at least two and a half times more unpaid domestic and caring work than men.”
Add to that a plague: a third of all women are victims of violence.
In fact, more than 30% of women and girls have experienced physical or sexual violence during their lifetime, usually by an intimate partner. And more than 70% of all sold, bought and enslaved victims of smuggling and trafficking are women and girls — 3 out of 4 of them are sexually exploited.
© Inter Press Service (2022) — All rights reservedOriginal source: Inter Press Service