Mikhail Gorbachev, whose drive to transform the Soviet Union ended the Cold War but inadvertently helped bring about the collapse of his own country, has died, according to Russian news agencies. He was 91. The Tass, RIA Novosti and Interfax agencies cited the Central Clinical Hospital, according to the Associated Press.
Gorbachev’s reign as the last Soviet Prime Minister from 1985 to 1991 was indelibly marked by two words: perestroika – literally ‘restructuring’, but implying reform – and glasnost, or ‘openness’, symbols of his intention to shake off the stupor of seven decades. shaking of authoritarian rule and steadfast central planning. Hoping to return the Communist Party to its roots in Vladimir Lenin’s October Revolution of 1917, Gorbachev opened the Soviet Union’s political system to wider political participation, public scrutiny and a re-examination of Joseph Stalin’s legacy of mass incarceration and murder. leading to years of national soul research.