Security Council: UN debates move to limit veto power of permanent Security Council members – Times of India


UNITED NATIONS: Liechtenstein will convene the UN General Assembly on Tuesday to debate a draft resolution — backed by Washington — requiring the five permanent members of the Security Council to justify their use of the veto.
An old idea of ​​having permanent members of the Security Council reduce the use of their veto power has been revived by Russia’s recent invasion of Ukraine.
Moscow’s veto has allowed to paralyze action in the Security Council, which is supposed to intervene in such conflicts as a guarantee of world peace, as defined in the United Nations Charter.
Liechtenstein’s proposal, which is co-sponsored by some 50 countries, including the United States, but, remarkably, none of the other four permanent members of the Security Council – Russia, China, France and Britain – would should be from an upcoming vote. according to diplomats.
The Security Council also has 10 non-permanent members, who have no veto power.
The text of the proposal, obtained by AFP, provides for a convening of the 193 members of the General Assembly “within 10 working days of the veto by one or more permanent members of the Security Council, to hold a debate on the situation in which the veto was cast.”
Among the co-sponsors who have pledged to vote in favor of the text are Ukraine, Japan and Germany, the latter two hoping for seats as permanent members on a potentially enlarged Security Council given their global political and economic clout.
The positions of India, Brazil or South Africa and other contenders for a possible permanent seat have not yet been disclosed.
Even if it does not support the text, France will vote in favour, according to a diplomat.
How Britain, China and Russia, whose support would be critical to such a controversial initiative, will vote is not clear.
Since the first veto ever used — by the Soviet Union in 1946 — Moscow has exercised it 143 times, far ahead of the United States (86 times), Great Britain (30 times) or China and France (18 times). each).
“We are particularly concerned about the shameful pattern of Russia’s abuse of its veto power over the past two decades,” U.S. Ambassador to the UN Linda Thomas-Greenfield said in a statement.
The adoption of the Liechtenstein resolution “will be an important step towards the accountability, transparency and accountability of all permanent members of the Security Council,” she added.
France, which last used the veto in 1989, proposed in 2013 that the permanent members collectively and voluntarily limit their use of the veto in the event of a mass atrocity.
Co-sponsored by Mexico and backed by 100 countries, the proposal has so far stalled.

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