The History of Coups and Assassinations in Pakistan – Times of India


Former Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan was shot in the shin on Thursday when his anti-government protest convoy was attacked in the east of the country in what his aides say was an obvious assassination attempt.
Pakistan has a history of political coups and unrest. Here are some details.

  • 2007 – Two-time PM Benazir Bhutto is killed in a gun and bomb blast after holding an election rally in Rawalpindi. A few months before her death, she survives a suicide attack in Karachi that killed at least 139 people in one of the deadliest attacks in the country.
  • 1999 – Former army chief Pervez Musharraf seizes power in a bloodless coup d’état. He is sworn in as president and head of state in June 2001. He resigns in 2008 and Asif Ali Zardari, benazir Bhutto’s husband, takes over as president.
  • 1988 – Military ruler President Mohammad Zia ul-Haq is killed when the Hercules C-130 plane carrying him crashes under mysterious circumstances. Conspiracy theorists have suggested that a suitcase of mangoes placed aboard the plane shortly before takeoff contained a timer device that released gas that knocked out the flight crew.
  • 1979 Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, father of Benazir, who was elected prime minister in 1970, is hanged over a controversial conviction for conspiracy to commit political murder, by Zia ul-Haq.
  • 1977 – Zia ul-Haq takes power after a coup d’état against the Bhutto government. He puts Bhutto under house arrest, imposes martial law, suspends constitution and bans political parties
  • 1973 – Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto is elected Prime Minister and takes over from General Yahya Khan.
  • 1958 – In Pakistan’s first military coup, Governor-General Iskander Mirza maintains martial law with General Ayub Khan as chief executive of martial law. Ayub Khan later takes over the presidency and fires Mirza, who has been exiled.
  • 1951 – First Prime Minister of Pakistan Liaquat Ali Khanafter the partition of India in 1947, is shot dead during a political rally in Rawalpindi.

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