The United States’ quest to dominate the oceans and NATO’s expansion are the biggest threats to Russia, according to a new Russian naval doctrine signed by President Vladimir Putin on Sunday.
The 55-page document said the “key challenges and threats” to national security and development were Washington’s “strategic goal of dominating the world’s oceans” and NATO’s military infrastructure moving to Russia’s borders. .
“Russia’s independent internal and external policies face countermeasures from the United States and its allies, which strive to maintain their dominance in the world, including the oceans,” the doctrine, signed on Russia’s Naval Day, said.
Moscow views the Western military alliance — the Soviet Union’s enemy during the Cold War — as an existential threat, using the hopes of Ukrainian membership to justify its February 24 offensive.
The doctrine said Moscow will seek to strengthen its leadership position in exploring the Arctic and its mineral resources and maintain “strategic stability” there by bolstering the potential of the Northern and Pacific fleets.
It also mentioned Russia’s desire to develop a “safe and competitive” sea route from Europe to Asia, known as the Northeast Passage, through the country’s Arctic coastline and ensure it operates year-round.
“Today’s Russia cannot exist without a strong navy … and will defend its interests in the world’s seas firmly and resolutely,” the doctrine added.
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